Glossary - U

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) which provokes inflammation and sores, or ulcers, in the rectal and colonic lining. Symptoms of ulcerative colitis include abdominal pain and diarrhoea.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is a type of cystitis (inflammation of the bladder), caused by an infection of bad bacteria in the urinary tract, usually E. coli. The symptoms are as for cystitis – a burning sensation on urination, and feeling the urge to urinate often. Treatment is with a short course of antibiotics, and for women who experience recurring UTIs then antibiotics on a long term basis can be given to reduce the risk of an infection returning.

Urogenital tract

The urogenital tract (also referred to as the ‘genitourinary system’) combines all the organs of the reproductive system and the urinary system. Namely the kidneys, ureter, bladder and urethra, plus the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus and vagina in women, and testes, prostate, seminal ducts and penis in men.