Probiotics and Prebiotics

Jacob Collyer-Smith Lifestyle Writer

What are probiotics & prebiotics and what are the differences between the two?

  • What are probiotics & prebiotics?
  • What is the difference between probiotics & prebiotics?
  • Should I take probiotics & prebiotics?
  • Are probiotics better than prebiotics?

...We aim to answer all of your questions here.

Probiotics are the body's friendly bacteria. Probiotic bacteria are microorganisms which are beneficial for the human host. Types of probiotic include Lactobacillus acidophilusSaccharomyces boulardii, and Bifidobacterium infantisLearn more about probiotics.

Prebiotics, on the other hand, are a food source for probiotics. A prebiotic is a complex carbohydrate which selectively stimulates the growth of good (probiotic) bacteria in the body. Prebiotics can be naturally found in foods such as leeks, onions, and Jerusalem artichokes. Learn more about prebiotics.

Both probiotic and prebiotic supplements have been linked to healthy digestion, good immunity, and increased energy levels.Probiotics without Prebiotics

The benefit of taking probiotics as opposed to prebiotics is that if the body does not have enough, or the right types of probiotics, it is more useful to take a probiotic supplement, as opposed to simply a prebiotic which will stimulate growth of any probiotics already in the system. A very small minority of people find that prebiotics do not agree with their system (they can cause gas & bloating at first, although this may not subside), and therefore prefer to take probiotics alone.

Probiotics and Prebiotics

The benefit of taking probiotics with prebiotics is that you are effectively covering both grounds; replenishing the body's good bacteria, and also feeding the probiotics - for a longer lasting effect. In simple terms it is like giving someone a bunch of flowers, along with flower food to keep them flourishing for longer.

Prebiotics without Probiotics

Some people find that certain types of prebiotics can be beneficial for certain conditions such as constipation (others may find that a combination works better, or that probiotics alone work for them too).

At the end of the day, different people have different bacterial make-ups, and therefore find that different solutions work for them.